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The BJP used to be a party with values. Today it is allegedly corrupt at the highest level

When a political party tries to bring in members from the opposition party in order to gain majority in the assembly, and resort to unapproved techniques in doing so, it is called horse-trading. Horses referred here are the elected representatives "selling themselves" or moving from one party to the other in return for material gain or for ministerial perks

The BJP used to be a party with values. Today it is allegedly corrupt at the highest level

When a political party tries to bring in members from the opposition party in order to gain majority in the assembly, and resort to unapproved techniques in doing so, it is called horse-trading. Horses referred here are the elected representatives "selling themselves" or moving from one party to the other in return for material gain or for ministerial perks

The BJP used to be a party with values. Today it is allegedly corrupt at the highest level

When a political party tries to bring in members from the opposition party in order to gain majority in the assembly, and resort to unapproved techniques in doing so, it is called horse-trading. Horses referred here are the elected representatives "selling themselves" or moving from one party to the other in return for material gain or for ministerial perks

The BJP used to be a party with values. Today it is allegedly corrupt at the highest level

When a political party tries to bring in members from the opposition party in order to gain majority in the assembly, and resort to unapproved techniques in doing so, it is called horse-trading. Horses referred here are the elected representatives "selling themselves" or moving from one party to the other in return for material gain or for ministerial perks

No honour among politicians: how horse trading became part of political culture

Today’s Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) has become a byword for corruption, divisive nationalism, and poor governance. But it has not always been that way. It only became so recently, under the direction of Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Let’s take a look at the history of the BJP, and imagine how different things could be today if its current leaders were more like their predecessors – particularly when it comes to horse trading, the practice of buying favour in politics.

Atal Bihari Vajpayee became the first leader of the BJP when it was formed in 1980. Unlike so many Indian politicians today, Vajpayee did not come from a well-known political dynasty; his father was a teacher in the state of Madhya Pradesh, and Vajpayee completed a post-graduate degree in political science before becoming an active member of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh (BJS), a party that was the forerunner of the BJP. He was a poet and a writer throughout his life, as well as a leading figure in Indian public life.

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