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Inception from a death: how Potti Sreeramulu’s sacrifice created Andhra Pradesh

Potti Sreeramulu led the campaign for a Telugu-speaking state, dying after a hunger strike in 1952

Inception from a death: how Potti Sreeramulu’s sacrifice created Andhra Pradesh

Potti Sreeramulu led the campaign for a Telugu-speaking state, dying after a hunger strike in 1952

Inception from a death: how Potti Sreeramulu’s sacrifice created Andhra Pradesh

Potti Sreeramulu led the campaign for a Telugu-speaking state, dying after a hunger strike in 1952

Inception from a death: how Potti Sreeramulu’s sacrifice created Andhra Pradesh

Potti Sreeramulu led the campaign for a Telugu-speaking state, dying after a hunger strike in 1952

When India became independent in 1947, the state of Andhra Pradesh did not exist.

In the early years of independent India, state divisions were based on the old colonial administration system. The huge Madras State in the south included the area that is now Andhra Pradesh, as well as Telangana, Tamil Nadu, much of Karnataka, and the Malabar region of Kerala.

Andhra Pradesh – originally known as Andhra State – came into being in 1953, thanks to the dedication and personal sacrifice of one man: Potti Sreeramulu.

Sreeramulu believed so strongly in the importance of a state for the Telugu-speaking people that he gave his life for it, dying after a 56-day hunger strike to put pressure the national government. As a result, Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru agreed to the formation of a new state.

Nearly seventy years after his death, Sreeramulu is remembered as the force behind the creation of Andhra Pradesh, and honoured with the name of Amarajeevi (“immortal being”) in the region.

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